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Abstract Title: Air-sea Exchange of Mercury Species in the Arctic
Presenter Name: Yipeng He
Company/Institution: University of Connecticut
Session: Special Session - Climate-Driven Perturbations of Arctic Mercury Cycling
Day and Session: Tuesday 26th July - Session Three
Start Time: 14:30 UTC
Co-Authors: Yipeng He,Hannah Inman,Robert Mason,William Landing,Doug Hammond,Mark Stephens,David Kadko

Abstract Information :

Air-sea exchange of mercury (Hg) is an important part of the global Hg cycle, as it affects the input and output of Hg from surface seawater, and prolongs the residence time of Hg in the biosphere. Previous studies, during 3 GEOTRACES expeditions, have provided new insights into the factors controlling the deposition and evasion of inorganic and methylated Hg, but the role of ice in modifying Hg cycling has not been adequately studied. In this study, we sampled in the Arctic, from May 20 to June 14, 2021, transiting from the Bering Sea (in open water, from 55øN) into the Chukchi Sea, entering the ice edge around 70øN. The research focus was understanding the distribution and air-sea gas exchange and deposition of ionic (HgII), elemental (Hg0) and methylated Hg (both methylmercury (CH3Hg) and dimethylmercury ((CH3)2Hg)) in open water, within the marginal ice zone and under ice. We used Tekran 1130/1135 instruments for high-resolution measurements of atmospheric Hg speciation (Hg0, reactive gaseous Hg (RGHg) and particulate Hg (HgP)), which we also compared with other methods to assess consistency and comparability between methods for RGHg and HgP. Also, wet deposition was collected for total Hg and CH3Hg, and ice cores were analyzed for Hg species. An automated high resolution continuous equilibrium system was used for measuring dissolved Hg0 and (CH3)2Hg in surface water and the gas exchange rates were qualified using the radon-222 deficiency in the mixed layer with respect to its parent nuclide radium-226. Results of these measurements will be discussed in terms of the overall air-sea exchange of inorganic Hg and methylated Hg in the open water and marginal ice zone of the Arctic, and the importance of gas exchange as a sink for Hg0 and methylated Hg compared to other processes.

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