CEM India 2019

CEM India - Abstract

Abstract Title: Effect of sample line length on NO2 and NO emissions
Abstract Type: Oral
Session Choice: Monitoring Techniques: Combustion gases
Presenter Name: Dr Bhupendra Khandelwal
Co-authors:Mr Rahul Philip
Mr Sachin Pawar
Company/Organisation: The University of Sheffield
Country: United Kingdom

Abstract Information :

It is a well-known fact that NO2 has far more harmful effects as compared to NO. NO2 creates ozone, which causes eye irritation and exacerbates respiratory conditions, leading to increased visits to emergency departments and hospital admissions for respiratory issues, especially asthma. Under current situation majority of regulations, deal with total NOx emissions, without looking at break-up of NO2 and NO. However, there is a feeling in emissions regulation community to implement regulations on NO2 emissions.
There are standards to measure total NOx emissions. However, these standards are not equipped enough to measure NO2 emissions accurately. The effect of sample line length on NO2 emissions is not fully understood to date. In this study, a systematic experimental test campaign has been conducted to understand the effect of sample line length and material on NO2, NO distribution. A Rolls-Royce gas turbine combustor, and different calibration cylinders have been used to study the effect of sample line length. It has been found that with increasing sample line length, more NO2 gets converted to NO and overall NO2 emissions shows a reduction, whereas this would not be the case at engine exhaust. This effect of sample line length can be used as a loophole in giving lower NO2 emissions readings.