|Abstract Title:||Contribution of child ABC-transporter genetics to prenatal MeHg exposure and neurodevelopment|
|Presenter Name:||Edwin van Wijngaarden|
|Company/Institution:||University of Rochester|
|Session:||Human Exposure and Risk Assessment of Hg|
|Day and Session:||Tuesday 26th July - Session One|
|Start Time:||07:30 UTC|
|Co-Authors:||Edwin van Wijngaarden,Tanzy Love|
Abstract Information :
Background: Exposure to prenatal methylmercury (MeHg) from maternal fish consumption during pregnancy can differ between individuals due to genetic variation. Previously, we have reported that maternal polymorphisms in ABC-transporter genes were associated with maternal hair MeHg concentrations, and with children?s early neurodevelopmental tests. Here, we add to these findings by evaluating the contribution of genetic variation in childrens ABC-transporter genes to MeHg exposure and early child neurodevelopmental tests.
Methods We genotyped six polymorphisms (rs2032582, rs10276499 and rs1202169 in ABCB1; rs11075290 and rs215088 in ABCC1; rs717620 in ABCC2) in DNA from cord blood and maternal blood of the Seychelles Child Development Study Nutrition Cohort 2. We determined prenatal MeHg exposure by measuring total mercury (Hg) in cord blood by atomic fluorescence spectrometry. We assessed neurodevelopment in children at approximately 20 months using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID-II). We used linear regression models to analyze covariate-adjusted associations of child genotype with cord MeHg and BSID-II outcomes (Mental Developmental and Psychomotor Developmental Indexes). We also evaluated interactions between genotypes, cord MeHg, and neurodevelopmental outcomes. All models were run with and without adjustment for maternal genotype.
Results: Of the six evaluated polymorphisms, only ABCC1 rs11075290 was associated with cord blood MeHg; children homozygous for the T-allele had on average 29.99 æg/L MeHg in cord blood while those homozygous for the C-allele had on average 38.06 æg/L MeHg in cord blood (p