|Abstract Title:||CEMS, an effective compliance enforcement tool, connects international market and expertise- A case study from India|
|Presenter Name:||Mr Sanjeev K Kanchan|
|Company/Organisation:||Centre for Science and Environment|
|Session Choice:||Emission regulation and future monitoring challenges|
Abstract Information :
Environmental pollution, especially from industries, is a growing concern around the world. The industrial growth in 18th centuries revolutionized the world, helped nations in fast paced development and transit into 19th century which continues till date. This development came with a cost, environmental pollution which we realised very lately. This process is being repeated in emerging economies in Global South.
Nations that developed fast, realised early about the pollution impact and took measures control the situation. Stringent pollution control standards and effective monitoring systems were the key measures. And among these, use of continuous emission monitoring system (CEMS) in 1960-70s in the US and the EU was crucial one. CEMS helped them to track and tackle the pollution effectively. The emerging and fast growing economies like China and India entered late in this race but, owing to their vast size, share a bigger pollution concerns with no time leverage at all. China started continuous emission monitoring in 2003 when made it mandatory for SO2 emission monitoring in power plant. In South Africa, CEMS was made it effective in 2010 through National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act, 2004. India initiated continuous emission and effluent monitoring mandatory (CEMS and CEQMS) in 2014 for major industries.
Like most of the emerging economies in Global South, India had issues of lenient and non-standardised pollution regulations and monitoring practices. In addition, India is a classic example where need of industrial growth is high but environmental concerns are no less. Implementation of continuous emission and effluent quality monitoring is one the important attempts have taken place in recent past. And this initiative closely involved international regulations (precisely from Europe) and market players, and has further huge scope of roleplay.
The presentation will share the information on- CEMS initiatives in India, types and number of industries already installed, investment made, implementation status ad experience, stakeholders role, future market, plan and scope of international market players.